The pancreas is part of the digestive system. It lies in the upper half of the abdomen behind the stomach and in front of the spine. It is a solid flat gland about nine inches long, salmon pink in colour and shaped like a comma.

The pancreas has two main functions. It produces digestive juices (enzymes which help to digest food) and hormones, including insulin (a hormone which balances the sugar in the blood). The digestive juice flows into the duodenum and mixes with the food and bile to digest food. It also produces other hormones, which help with digestion and bicarbonate to balance the acid from the stomach.